Optimization of the frequency response of a novel GaAs plasmonic terahertz detector

V. M. Muravev, P. A. Gusikhin, A. M. Zarezin, I. V. Andreev, S. I. Gubarev, and I. V. Kukushkin, Phys. Rev. B 99, 241406(R) – Published 26 June 2019.

Previously there was reported a new type of high-speed plasmonic THz detector that can operate at room temperature. As an extension of that work, the sensitivity of the detector was investigated over a wide range of sub-THz frequencies. The measured frequency response is not purely monotonic but exhibits oscillatory behaviour with a number of maxima and minima. Our study reveals that such frequency dependence is caused by the interference of electromagnetic waves inside the detector substrate, as the frequencies of these extrema are found to be governed by the substrate thickness. We demonstrate that sensitivity of this type of detector can be optimized for the desired operating frequency within 0.06–0.7 THz spectrum by adjusting the substrate thickness. We also show that a
monotonic frequency response with eliminated minima can be achieved by mounting the
detector on a specially designed silicon lens.

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