Quantitative Analysis of Water Content and Distribution in Plants using Terahertz Imaging

AV Shchepetilnikov, AM Zarezin, VM Muravev, PA Gusikhin, IV Kukushkin, Optical Engineering 59 (6), 061617

Quantitative analysis of the temporal evolution and spatial distribution of water content in grass and
clover leaves has been carried out
in vivo, with the aid of the terahertz imaging system comprised of an IMPATT-diode source, a condenser lens, and an imaging camera. The leaf samples were exposed to 100 GHz radiation to measure the transmitted power. Progressive variation in the level of the transmitted signal has been detected when the plants were subject to the condition of insufficient water supply, whereas after watering the plants, the transmission was restored to its initial value. The presented experimental results demonstrate that TeraSense imaging instrumentation can be used
effectively to monitor the hydration state of plants in their natural environment.

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